The Indonesian Coal Mining Association said Jakarta is expected to upgrade its output in 2012 to no less than as 390 million metric tons (mt) of the fuel in 2012 to satisfy demand from Asian buyers particularly India and China. Indonesia is the world largest thermal coal exporter. Vietnam state-owned coal exporter, Vinacomin, said coal exports will be reduced by 19.6% to 13.3 million mt in 2012 from 16.8 million mt in 2011. Vinacomin said Vietnam coal exports will gradually be scaled back to 8 million mt in 2013 and between 4 million mt and 5 million mt from 2015.