The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) announced a proposed rule to revise its pattern of violations regulation in 30 Code of Federal Regulations Part 104 was published in the Federal Register February 2. The proposal, which would revise and simplify the POV criteria and MSHA’s procedures for issuing a POV notice, is available at http://s.dol.gov/CQ.
Among the major provisions of the proposed regulation:
- The proposal would specify the general criteria MSHA would use to identify mines with a pattern of violations. These general criteria would include compliance, accident, injury and illness records.
- MSHA would post the specific POV criteria, along with compliance information, in a searchable (by mine) database, at www.msha.gov. The agency’s Web site would allow operators to monitor their own records against the POV criteria and take proactive measures to eliminate persistent, systemic safety and health hazards, and bring their mines into compliance with MSHA safety and health standards, and regulations.
- The proposal would eliminate the potential POV procedure, which involves written notification that a potential POV exists at a particular mining operation. No longer would mine operators receive advanced warning. Instead, screening under the proposed rule would be for mine operators that meet criteria for a pattern of violations, and the proposal would increase the frequency of MSHA’s review of a mine for a POV from once to at least twice a year. MSHA believes the ready availability of compliance data on the agency’s Web site will eliminate the need to inform operators of a potential POV.
- As a mitigating circumstance in determining whether operators have a POV, MSHA would consider an operator’s prior submission, for the agency’s approval, of a written safety and health management program aimed at finding and fixing problems, reducing significant and substantial violations, and improving safety and health conditions for miners. A significant and substantial (S&S) violation is one that reasonably could be expected to result in a serious injury or illness.
- The proposal would eliminate the existing requirement that only citations and orders which have become final orders can be used in MSHA’s POV review. The existing requirement provides an incentive for operators to contest citations and results in final orders years after the violations have occurred.
- For operators placed on a POV, each S&S violation found at a mine would result in a withdrawal order until the violation is abated. Mines would remain in POV status until a complete inspection of the entire mine resulted in no S&S violations.