Production in the first phase will increase to 11 million mtpy, of which three quarters will be coking coal. Output will then double to 22 million mtpy during the second phase beginning in 2014. This year Vale will invest $422 million in the Moatize project. There are now 36 mining companies operating in Moatize district, and they are all facing a nightmare in getting their coal to the coast for export. Even when the Sena railway line is running it will only have the capacity to transport 6 million mtpy. A further upgrade could increase this to 12 million mtpy. Yet coal output from the Zambezi coal basin could by then be running at more than 80 million mtpy.