According to data from the Ember Research Center, coal-fired power generation in Türkiye grew by 4% in 2023, reaching 118 terawatt-hours (TWh), which is an all-time high. As a result, Türkiye now ranks second in Europe in terms of coal-fired power generation, outstripping Poland (97 TWh) and closing in on Germany (121 TWh).

The study, Türkiye Electricity Review 2023, said that Türkiye imports 20% of its thermal coal requirements. In the past, half of that coal came from Russia, but today that figure has grown to 73%. Russian coal imports grew from 12.4 million tons in 2022 to 17.4 million tons in 2023.