According to the Hindu Business Line, the producer has already deposited 4,387 crore (about US$65,000) into an escrow account for the plan, as required, to cover restoration.

“The Ministry of Coal has undertaken special plans for studying each coal mine for preparing its closure plans. In the plan, special emphasis has been placed on efficient usage of water for the purposes of drinking, irrigation after appropriate treatment and ground water recharge,” officials said.

The Business Standard said last week that CIL will be entering into an agreement with Forest Research Institute for a third-party audit of the mine closure plans as well as forestry and environmental issues.